|Employment is an accepted and important part of the growth process. But while there has been much attention on the process of creating jobs, knowledge of job quality, segmentation, and the link to poverty reduction remains limited. On June 19, 2006, the World Bank’s Poverty Reduction group sponsored a daylong workshop on the topic of “Rethinking the Role of Jobs in Shared Growth” at the Bank’s headquarters. Louise Cord, Sector Manager for Poverty Reduction at the Bank, chaired this session on “The Role of Labor Mobility for Economic Performance.”
Francis Teal, from the University of Oxford, presented his paper on labor mobility and worker heterogeneity. He focused on studies in Tanzania and Ghana, noting that highest growth took place in the urban self-employed while other sectors contracted. Teal discussed the ways that highly mobile workers are able to obtain new, better jobs. Pieter Serneels, a consultant for the World Bank and coauthor of the paper, discussed how study results are compared between two countries.
Audience members questioned the panel about earnings’ changes, organization size, and apprenticeships.