|Employment is an accepted and important part of the growth process. But while there has been much attention on the process of creating jobs, knowledge of job quality, segmentation, and the link to poverty reduction remains limited. On June 19, 2006, the World Bank’s Poverty Reduction group sponsored a daylong workshop on the topic of “Rethinking the Role of Jobs in Shared Growth” at the Bank’s headquarters. Robert Holzmann, a World Bank Sector Director, chaired this closing panel.
Michal Rutkowski, Sector Director for the Bank, asked for more comprehensive coverage in future conferences, and noted the use of new terminology. He also commented on recent changes in the job markets due to globalizations. Mayra Buvinic, Director for Gender and Development at the Bank, noted how female participation in the labor market is beneficial, but also noted many areas where further research is needed, such as the ways that household dynamics can affect employment decisions. John Page, Chief Economist for the Africa region at the Bank, commented from an Africa perspective on the day’s presentations, and noted that they belied an urban bias. He also raised the issue of job mobility across borders, and called for better secondary education to improve entrepreneurship. Pierella Paci, Bank Lead Economist, critiqued the direction of future research.
Luca Barbone, Sector Director for Poverty Reduction for the Bank, summed up the workshop in his closing remarks.