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Papers & Presentations

Agenda
The Role of Local Governments in Reducing the Risk of Disasters
April 28- May 2, 2003, Istanbul, Turkey
Conference Hall of the Rectorate Building of Marmara University.
Marmara Universitesi, Rektorluk Binasi, Sultanahmet- Istanbul

Documents

List of Participants (pdf)

April 27 Arrival

April 28: Introduction: Concepts and Framework

Morning : Opening and Keynote Speech

Review the workshop objective, structure and formulating the key questions to be examined in subsequent presentations and discussions. The initial presentation focuses on the necessity to shift from traditional concept and practice of disaster management (emergency assistance, disaster response, humanitarian assistance, civil defense, etc.) to a comprehensive, proactive disaster risk reduction framework. It highlights the differences and lessons learned between previous practices of preparedness for response and the sustainable effort to reduce the social, economic and environmental costs of natural disasters through improved resilience of communities to natural hazards. The importance and methods of wider participation of local communities in hazard and risk reduction activities is reviewed.

9:00 - 10:00 am Opening Remarks
Sally Zeilon, Country Manager, WB Vice Rector, Marmara Unversity

9:30 - 10:30 am Keynote Speech: Rusen Keles
The Administrative Structure of Government in Turkey (central and local) from the Perspective of Disaster Management

10:30 - 10:45 am Coffee Break

10:45 -11:30 pm Presentation 1 - Integrated Disaster Risk Management
Murat Balamir, Associate Professor of City and Regional Planning, Disaster Management Implementation and Research Center, METU

11:30- 12:30 pm Discussants
1.The Impact of Natural Disasters on Macroeconomic Growth Reinhard Mechler, IIASA
2. Case of Turkey: Disaster Management Policies and the Economic Scope of Disasters: Macroeconomic Perspective
Nevin Peynircioglu, State Planning Organization

12:30 - 13:00 pm Q&A

13:00 - 2:30 pm Lunch Break

Afternoon: Sustainable Cities
Review of the basic principles of sustainable development as a precondition of increased disaster reduction culture with special focus on sustainable cities where human life and physical assets are concentrated. The impact of disasters on cities can devastate national economies and industrial markets at a global level. This is especially critical in the case of emerging economies, where primary urban areas could account for the majority of economic and social activity. Consequently the session will provide an overview of the necessary processes, regulations (land use, infrastructure, construction and building codes) and methods to reduce exposure to hazards and limit the physical vulnerability of high density settlements.

2:30 - 3:30 pm Presentation
2 - Sustainable Cities
Fouad Bendimerad Earthquakes and Megacities Initiative

3:30 - 3:45 pm Q&A

3:45 - 4:00 pm Coffee Break

4:00 - 5:00 pm Discussants
1. Earthquake Vulnerability and Risk in Istanbul.Dr Nuray Aydinoglu, Chairman of Department of Earthquake Engineering, Bogazici University
2. Opportunities in Reconstruction : The Reconstruction of Bhuj Town, Case Study in Participatory Post-Disaster Recovery B.R. Balachandran, Executive Director, Environmental Planning Collaborative (EPC)

5:00 - 5:30 pm Q&A

Day 2, April 29: Risk Identification

Morning: Risk Assessment
The first step in managing disaster risk is to understand fully the hazards facing a community, and the potential impacts these events may have. This session will discuss the importance of understanding of the full economic, financial, and social impacts of disasters on a community, review the linkages between hazard and vulnerability with emerging trends in disasters, and explore the aspects of the risk assessment process, including the, risk estimation, impact evaluation, and to the methodological challenges the analytical work might raise.

9:00 - 9:15 am Review of the Day

9:15 - 10:00 am Presentation 1: Risk Assessment
Joanne Linneerooth-Bayer, IIASA

10:00 - 10:30 am Q&A

10:30 - 11: 00 am Coffee Break

11:00 -12:00 pm Discussants
1.Seismic safety evaluation of urban building stocks (Istanbul )Haluk Sucuoglu, Professor of Civil Engineering, Disaster Management Implementation and Research Center, METU
2.A case study from ArmeniaMikayel Melkumyan, Armenian Association of Earthquake Engineering

12:15- 12:30 pm Q&A

12:30 - 2:00 pm Lunch Break

Afternoon: Preparedness, Early Warning Systems and Community Involvement
Preparedness is a key component to preventing the impacts of natural disasters. This session examines the different aspects of preparedness for disasters, including various elements of early warning systems (forecast and prediction, warning processing and dissemination, reaction to warnings and implementation of proactive measures) and other mechanisms to have in place prior to an extreme event. It will also discuss specific roles for local communities, national governments, regional and international institutions. The principals of early warning applications at national and local levels will be introduced and successful examples showcased.

2:00 - 2:45 pm Presentation 2: Preparedness
Paul Freeman, University of Denver

2:45 - 3:15 pm Q&A

3:15 - 3:45 pm Coffee Break

3:45 -4:45 pm Discussants
1. Early Warning Systems, Russia Case Study Gennady Sobolev
2. Istanbul is Getting Ready Mesut Pektas, Vice Secretary General of Istanbul Municipality, Head of Disaster Coordination Center

4:45 - 5:30 pm Q&A

Day 3, April 30 Risk Reduction

Morning: Institutional Arrangements
This session focuses on evolving new institutional arrangements in disaster risk management. As the policy emphasis is moving from post disaster reconstruction towards more proactive approach of disaster preparedness and mitigation, the centralized institutional arrangements are gradually giving space to decentralized responsibilities of local governments, municipalities and communities. The future agenda includes the design of transparent, uniform and clear rules and regulations, new planning processes, appropriate provision of resources and authority to local level.

9:00 - 9:15 am Review of the Day

9:15 - 10:00 am Presentation 1: Institutional Arrangements
Disaster Management, Organization, Institutions and Regulations in Turkey
Adil Özdemir, General Director of Disaster Management/ Prime Ministry

10:00 - 10:30 am Q&A

10:30 - 11: 00 am Coffee Break

11:00 -12:00 pm Discussants
1. The Role of Local Government in Disaster Management Case Study from Russia Sergei Perov, Samara oblasty
2. Case Studies from TurkeyThe Role of Local Governments in Reducing the Risk of DisastersAytaç Durak, Mayor of Adana Yakut Bilgin Koçal, Mayor of Yalova

12:15- 12:30 pm Q&A

12:30 - 2:00 pm Lunch Break

Afternoon: Developing the Culture of Prevention
Disaster mitigation starts with the attitude of individuals and communities towards everyday's risk. Actions or inactions of individuals towards protecting their livelihood, family or community bear significance on how society approaches mitigation and vulnerability reduction. In large urban agglomerations, everyday's living needs and societal pressure further reduce awareness towards self-protection and individual involvement in disaster preparedness. Lack of personal sensitivity to risk impairs societal effort in urban vulnerability reduction. Thus, risk mitigation starts with the development of a culture of prevention that installs primary ownership of societal protection with the individual. Yet, defining a strategy for influencing cultural attitudes poses unique challenges and requires significant commitment. While educational programs whether through formal channels such as schools or informal, through various media outlets provide the basis framework, several other approaches need also be integrated, including community involvement and partnership programs, risk dissemination programs, professional competence training, and institutional strengthening. Success of mitigation actions aimed at influencing cultural attitude are linked to good governance, institutional engagement and active involvement of all segments of society to serve the need of the individual. This session discusses issues and approaches related to building cultural prevention through examples borrowed from experiences in developing countries.

2:00 - 2:45 pm Presentation 2: Building the Culture of Prevention
Fouad Bendimerad, Earthquakes and Megacities Initiative

2:45 - 3:15 pm Q&A

3:15 - 3:45 pm Coffee Break

3:45 -4:45 pm Discussants
1.The Role of Media
Gürhan Ertur and Argun Yum, Radio Programmer
2.Informed Ownership, Training, and Organization: Ingredients of Successful Disaster: Preparedness by the Public Güler Fisek, Bogazici University

4:45 - 5:30 pm Q&A

Day 4, May 1: Risk Sharing

Morning : 7. Financial Instruments
The economic and social costs of disasters necessitate the development of financial tools and instruments for risk sharing and risk transfer as a component of disaster risk reduction. Insurance and reinsurance mechanisms are essential for loss recovery and post disaster reconstruction. The session examines main insurance schemes and different low cost risk sharing mechanisms that contribute to increased coping capabilities. It will elaborate tolls and financial incentives that promote proactive disaster risk reduction investments.

9:00 - 9:15 am Review of the Day

9:15 - 10:00 am Presentation 1: Financial Instruments
Paul Freeman, University of Denver

10:00 - 10:30 am Q&A

10:30 - 11: 00 am Coffee Break

11:00 -12:00 pm Discussants
1. Case Study from HungaryIstvan Fogarasi Insurance
Training Institute.
2. Compulsory EQ Insurance. Application in Turkey
Selamet Yazici, Treasury

12:15- 12:30 pm Q&A

12:30 - 2:00 pm Lunch Break

Afternoon: Regional Collaboration and the Role of International Agencies
International Agencies have been active in disaster intervention and reconstruction projects all over the world. The experience gained through these projects will be presented and future challenges will be identified.

2:00 - 2:45 pm Round Table: The Role of International Agencies
Nevin Peynircioglu, State Planning Organization, Adil Özdemir, General Director of Disaster Management/ Prime Ministry, Ahmet Hikmet Sahin, Ministry of Interior, Paul Freeman, University of Denver, Fouad Bendimerad, EMI, Katalin Demeter, WB, Serdar Yilmaz, WB

2:45 - 3:15 pm Q&A

3:15 - 3:45 pm Coffee Break

3:45 -4:45 pm Discussants
1. City to City Cooperation in Case of Emergency, Case Study from Hungary Anna Lovei, Szolnok Municipality
2. Case Study from TurkeyAysegül Senol, Chairman of Düzce Civic Association of Earthquake Victims

4:45 - 5:15 pm Q&A

5:15 - 6:00 pm Evaluation and Closing: Next Steps WB/LGI/Marmara


Day 5, May 2

Field Trip to Degirmendere Municipality with presentation from Mayor: Degirmendere: Past, Present and Future


Day 6, May 3, Departure