The OVC Toolkit is a resource guide on how to support Orphans and other
Vulnerable Children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It is primarily
developed to support World Bank project designers from different technical
sectors, but could also prove useful to non-World Bank practitioners.
Although developed with sub-Saharan Africa in mind, much of the content
of the OVC Toolkit can be useful for professionals working on other
Start by asking yourself the following questions:
- Can my project
cause an increase or decrease in the number of OVC?
- Might my project
have a negative or positive impact on children who are already OVC?
- Could my project
produce a positive outcome for OVC by adding special features?
If the answer to
the third question is "no", then you don't need this toolkit.
If it is "yes" or if you are uncertain, please read on.
If you are working on a multi-sector project (e.g., Social Fund, Multi-Country
HIV/AIDS Program (MAP), or Poverty Reduction Support Credit), the answer
should certainly be "yes".
The attached table indicates which
OVC categories may be relevant to which sector; when rolling your mouse
over the word "yes", a brief explanation will appear in a
pop-up window. Of course, each situation is different and we encourage
you to ask yourself the three questions listed above, and to involve
people who are knowledgeable about the situation of children in your
project country and OVC issues in general. In doing so, be sure that
your analysis captures any additional context-specific OVC group, such
as albinos, talibés (child beggars in Muslim areas), or child
"witches", who were not included in our analysis. Also, keep
in mind that many children fall into more than one category of OVC.
The toolkit contains sector-specific recommendations on the basis of
the attached table. Therefore, what follows only covers the sectors
and OVC categories that have a "yes" to the question "Does
the project need special features to achieve a positive outcome for
OVC?". For example, in our analysis of projects in the Water and
Sanitation sector, we concluded that a project could have a positive
impact on a number of different OVC categories without requiring any
special measures to ensure that it benefits OVC in particular (although
specific measures may be needed to ensure that vulnerable groups in
general benefit from the project). For this reason, the toolkit does
not make any recommendation specific to the Water and Sanitation sector.